This course examines the art and lives of western women artists from 1900 to World War II. The early twentieth century witnessed an explosion of modern art styles, notably German Expressionism, Cubism, Dada, and Surrealism. This course will examine women's contribution to these movements, a contribution that is often overlooked or undervalued in art history. The course will include famous artists, such as Georgia O'Keeffe, Frida Kahlo, Dorothea Lange, and less well-known artists, such as Paula Modersohn-Becker and Kay Sage. The course will also feature artists who were not affiliated with a group yet produced a distinctive body of work, such as Romaine Brooks, whose paintings explored sexual identity. The discussion will include an analysis of how women were depicted in the art of this era and of the obstacles that women artists continued to face despite their growing numbers.