Beethoven is often described as the first Romantic composer. For the 19th century, he embodied the image of hero, pouring out personal angst in the midst of titanic struggles, shattering the bonds of convention to pursue his own unique and authentic vision and embracing nature as a source of creativity and renewal. On the 200th anniversary of his death, this course examines how his life and music shaped the vision of those how came after him. After tracing the three periods of Beethoven's developmental evolution as a composer from imitation to individual to transcendent visionary, the course will focus on the legacy of his work and musical philosophy on the 19th century. Particular in depth focus will be given to the influence of Beethoven's Late String Quartets on Schubert and Mendelssohn, and how symphonies 5, 6, 7 and 9 inspired and guided Liszt, Brahms, Berlioz , Wagner and Tchaikovsky.